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Post Natal Care

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Postnatal care (PNC) is the care given to the mother and her new born baby immediately after the birth and for the first six weeks of life. This period marks the establishment of a new phase of family life for women and their partners and the beginning of the lifelong health record for new born babies (or neonates — a term often used by doctors, nurses and midwives).

Your body goes through a lot of changes postpartum while it’s returning to non-pregnant stage. In the field of obstetrics, lochia is the vaginal discharge after giving birth, containing blood, mucus, and uterine tissue. Lochia discharge typically continues for four to six weeks after childbirth, a time known as the postpartum period or puerperium.
It is part of the normal healing process not a cause of concern but it’s important to know the normal lochia and the abnormal lochia.

There are 3 normal stages of lochia. It is important for you to know the stages so you can tell whether something may be wrong. How many days each stage lasts is not as important as whether the amount of lochia keeps getting less and less as the colour gets lighter as it changes from red to pink to creamy or white.

These are the normal stages of lochia.

  1. Lochia Rubra
  1. Lochia Serosa
  1. Lochia Alba

    • Lasts 10 to 28 days.
    • Whitish yellow in colour.
    • The flow has almost stopped and does not smell.
    • Presence of clots, a bad odour or bright red blood may be signs of a problem.


  1. Healing of the placenta site in the uterus.
  2. Realising extra fluids, blood and uterine lining from pregnancy.

 Danger signs

If you see any of the following signs it’s important to rush to the hospital or seek the advice of your doctor




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